Some physicochemical properties of the microbial exopolysaccharide (EPS) ethapolan synthesized by Acinetobacter sp. 12S depended on whether the producer was grown on a mixture of ethanol and glucose or on single substrates. Irrespective of the carbon source in the nutrient medium, the contents of carbohydrates, pyruvic acid, uronic acids, and mineral components in the EPS remained unchanged. The EPS were also identical in their monosaccharide composition: the molar ratio of glucose, mannose, galactose, and rhamnose was 3:2:1:1. EPS with a higher proportion of fatty acids was synthesized during growth on the mixture of ethanol and glucose. Average molecular weight and the proportion of high-molecular (over two million) fractions were greater in ethapolan produced on the substrate mixture. In the presence of 0.1 M KCl, after transformation into the H+ form, and in the Cu(2+)-glycine system, solutions of these EPS showed higher viscosity than solutions of EPS synthesized on single substrates. The reasons for the improved rheological properties of the EPS produced on the substrate mixture are discussed.