Disturbances in central serotonergic systems have been hypothesized to be involved in seasonal affective disorder (SAD). Association between SAD and the shorter allele of the serotonin transporter promoter repeat length polymorphism (5-HTTLPR) has been reported in an American sample. We have genotyped 82 SAD patients and 82 healthy controls from Sweden, Finland, and Germany for this and five other polymorphisms in the genes coding for serotonin receptors 5-HT2A and 5-HT2C, tryptophan hydroxylase and white. No associations with SAD or seasonality (seasonal variations in mood and behavior) were detected. Although minor effects cannot be excluded, our results suggest that these polymorphisms do not play a major role in the pathogenesis of SAD in the northern European population.