In 1996 for the first time a study of state of health, living conditions and nutrition status of 84 persons from the Siberian settlement of the rigorous vegetarians--vegans and 26 aboriginal inhabitants who feed on a traditional mixed diet was carried out. The clinical and laboratory investigations are kept. The positive influencing vegan ration on a serum lipids, body weight, state of cardiovascular system was showed. The contents of vitamin B12 and serum iron in vegans was in normal physiological range. The level of blood calcium was reduced in comparison with control. Increased contents of copper and zinc in blood was marked both in vegans and in control group. The repeated examination of 77 vegans of the same settlement in 1999 has revealed positive alterations in serum lipids: augmentation of cholesterol of high density lipoproteins on the average on 54.3%, that result in a reliable decrease of atherogenicity coefficient. The decrease to normal amounts of blood copper and zinc, and also increase of blood calcium on the average on 16% was marked. However level of calcium remained below than physiological values.