Iron deficiency and iron deficiency anaemia are common complications in inflammatory bowel disease (IBD). In patients with moderate-to-severe anaemia, oral iron intolerance or ineffectiveness of oral iron, ferric carboxymaltose and iron isomaltoside are widely used. Hypophosphatemia is a side effect of both preparations.
To investigate the occurrence of hypophosphatemia in IBD patients with iron deficiency/iron deficiency anaemia treated with high-dose intravenous iron.
A prospective observational study of adult IBD patients with iron deficiency/iron deficiency anaemia was conducted at two study sites where patients received 1000 mg of ferric carboxymaltose or iron isomaltoside. At baseline, weeks 2 and 6, blood and faecal samples were collected. The primary endpoint was to determine the incidence of moderate-to-severe hypophosphatemia. Secondary endpoints included the total incidence of hypophosphatemia, possible risk factors for hypophosphatemia, and response to single-dose intravenous iron.
One hundred and thirty patients were included. In the per-protocol set, 52 patients received ferric carboxymaltose and 54 patients received iron isomaltoside. Ferric carboxymaltose treatment had a significantly higher incidence of moderate-to-severe hypophosphatemia compared with iron isomaltoside at week 2 (56.9% vs 5.7%, P