The study examines the issues of assessing the impact on occupational safety of public health workers of psycho-emotional factors associated with the provision of medical services and the socio-economic and industrial conditions of their work. As the analysis conducted by the authors on the basis of foreign sources showed, this problem is characteristic not only for Russia, but also for most medical institutions in other countries. It should be noted that these problems were especially aggravated during the coronavirus pandemic, when it was necessary to work in conditions of increased risk of infection, in excess of the established time norm, etc. Moreover, the tools to overcome professional burnout and improve occupational safety are providing medical institutions with the required personnel in sufficient quantities to solve the tasks, providing diagnostic and medical equipment, as well as protective equipment. It is very important that evidence-based labor standards are implemented, as they have not been reviewed in most cases since Soviet times. At the same time, ensuring decent work indicators, especially wages, is very important.