To perform a clinical-genealogical and molecular genetic analysis of X-linked spinal-bulbar amyotrophy (Kennedy's disease) in the Sakha Republic (Yakutia).
Six patients, aged from 30 to 60 years, from 4 unrelated Yakut families registered in the Republican genetics registry of hereditary and congenital abnormalities of the Sakha Republic were studied. The average age of onset was 45.1±4.4 years. A clinical-genealogical and molecular genetic methods were used.
The prevalence of spinal-bulbar amyotrophy Kennedy in the Republic of Sakha (Yakutia) is 1.3 per 100 thousand, among Yakut men is 2.8 per 100 thousand. Clinical manifestations of the disease in the patients included in the study were similar to those described previously in the literature. Patients underwent molecular genetic diagnosis in exon 1 of the androgen receptor (AR) gene. All of them carried the allele with more than 38 CAG repeats. There was an inverse correlation between the age at disease onset and the number of CAG-repeats. A method of DNA diagnosis of Kennedy's disease with visualization on an agarose gel has been introduced in genetic testing.