The influence of glucagon on glycaemic control in type 1 diabetes is debated. We investigated the relationship between postprandial glucagon levels and HbA1c during a period up to 60 months after diagnosis of childhood type 1 diabetes.
The Danish remission phase cohort comprised 129 children (66 boys) with type 1 diabetes whose mean (SD) age at onset was 10.0 (3.9) years. Liquid mixed-meal tests were performed prospectively at 1, 3, 6 and 12 months and a subset of 40 patients completed follow-up at 60 months. Postprandial (90 min) plasma levels of glucagon, glucose (PG), C-peptide, total glucagon-like peptide-1 (GLP-1), glucose-dependent insulinotropic polypeptide (GIP) and HbA1c were analysed. Multivariate regression (repeated measurements with all five visits included) was applied and results expressed as relative change (95% CI).
Postprandial glucagon levels increased 160% from 1 to 60 months after diagnosis (p