Several studies have shown that the mortality of elderly hip fracture patients is higher than that in the general population, and is higher in male than in female hip fracture patients.
The objective of this study was to investigate factors affecting overall mortality at a minimum of 11 years following a new hip fracture.
The sex, age, pre-fracture serum 25-hydroxyvitamin D level, American Society of Anesthesiologists physical status classification (ASA class), 1- to 12-month mortality, and 2- to 11-year mortality of hip fracture patients were collected. The use of anti-osteoporotic medication and prescribed calcium and vitamin D supplements during the first 3 post-operative years were checked. The survival of the patients was analyzed using both the Bayesian multivariate analysis and the life table method.
The mean age of females at the time of the index hip fracture was 80.5 years and of males was 73 years. The protective factors were age