Quebec presently has 650,000 people over 65 years of age and as many as 900,000 will be alive at the beginning of the 21st century. Quebec epidemiological studies have shown that this group's dental condition is very poor. They feel no need to see a dentist, but 96% of them need treatment and the time elapsed since their last dental visit averages 13 years. It is forecasted that the dental needs of this group will rise, not only because of their increase in number but also because they will retain more teeth. Training in geriatric dentistry is presently deficient in the United States, Canada and particularly Quebec. Researchers have concluded, after studying the U.S. dental schools' current status of geriatric dentistry educational activities, that unless dental students receive training in geriatrics while at dental school, it is likely that they will not treat a lot of seniors in their practice. The teaching of geriatric dentistry is in full swing in the U.S. but knows a difficult birth in Quebec. There is no formal, extensive training program in geriatric dentistry given by the three dental schools in the province. Practicing geriatric dentistry requires special knowledge and skills. If treatment is to be successful, the practitioner must adopt a humanitarian approach and develop close relations and a better understanding of the feelings and attitudes of the elderly. The dentist must know and understand the special dental problems that makes them different from other groups.