Virus hepatitis A and B have certain characteristics traits in personnel with gunshot wounds, especially when the wounds are of medium and high degrees of severity. Virus hepatitis A in the injured men is distinguished by shortened initial period, predominantly of dyspeptic or mixed type, as well as by grave and complicated course sometimes ending with lethal outcome. Virus hepatitis B in the injured men is characterized by the absence of pre-icteric period or weakness of its manifestations in many cases, by the prevalence of mild forms of the disease, as well as by increased tendency to development of chronic forms. During virus hepatitis A and B the traumatic disease often acquires grave and complicated course. In wounded personnel with hepatitis A the complications develop mainly on the background of medium or high degrees of severity of infection, whereas, during hepatitis B they develop predominantly on the background of mild forms of infection.