This study compared 18 low-risk drinking guidelines that were gathered from Canadian government agencies, non-government agencies, medical bodies, and public and private agencies involved in the treatment of addictions. The results show that two sets of guidelines are predominantly used in Ontario. The formulation of these guidelines was entirely independent and their intended audiences are also different. However, a direct comparison of the two guidelines shows that differences are more apparent than real. This study also examines the literature evaluating low-risk drinking guidelines Very little literature exists on evaluating low-risk drinking guidelines as vehicles for primary prevention and it is not known to what extent such guidelines influence knowledge and drinking behaviour. Future low-risk drinking recommendations should be evaluated for knowledge about standard drink units, awareness of the guidelines, use of materials and aids included in the dissemination program, and changes in behaviour from campaign exposure.