Losartan is metabolized by polymorphic CYP2C9 to E-3174. Our aim was to evaluate the pharmacokinetics of losartan and E-3174 in relation to the CYP2C9 genotype.
A 50-mg oral dose of losartan was given to 22 Swedish volunteers with different CYP2C9 genotypes. Losartan and E-3174 were analyzed by HPLC in plasma and urine samples collected up to 24 hours after drug intake. Furthermore, losartan and E-3174 were analyzed in 8-hour urine samples collected from 17 Spanish subjects after a single oral dose of 25 mg losartan.
The maximum plasma concentration of E-3174 was significantly (P