In the last 30 years, the prevalence of low dietary iron intake has increased, partly because North Americans have been encouraged to choose lower fat foods, including leaner meats. As a result, there has been a decrease in red meat consumption. The objective of this study was to estimate absorbable iron intakes of a representative sample of the Quebec adult population and to compare these results with the new North American recommendations for iron. Dietary intakes were obtained by 24-hour recall and absorbable iron intakes were estimated using Monsen & coworker's model. While 18.9 % and 2.5% of women and men respectively had an iron intake below the estimated average requirement (EAR), 66.2 % and 25.6% had an estimated available iron intake below the recommended level for absorbed iron. Beef consumption had the strongest association with estimated absorbable iron, followed by vegetables. Subjects with a high education level consumed significantly less meat, beef and heme iron than subjects whose education level was low or moderate. These results indicate that there is a need for improving iron intake in the Quebec adult population.