Total proximal avulsions of the quadriceps femoris muscle group are rare injuries. Between the years 2001 and 2004 five patients with a total proximal avulsion of the tendon of the rectus femoris muscle were treated surgically in Mehiläinen Hospital in Turku, Finland. The median age of the patients was 21 years (range, 19-27) and the patients were all men. There were four soccer players and one hurdler. In all cases an avulsion of the proximal tendon of the rectus femoris muscle was confirmed by MRI. All of the patients were operated on and the delay from the injury to surgery ranged from 18 to 102 days. The result of the surgical treatment was rated good in all cases. All of the patients were able to return to their pre-injury level of activity 5-10 months after surgery. The median follow-up time was 20 months (range, 9-38). Surgical treatment of a total proximal avulsion of the tendon of the rectus femoris muscle seems to result in return to the pre-injury activity level in most cases.