Polymorphisms in the dopamine D2 receptor gene (DRD2) have repeatedly been associated with schizophrenia. Recently, the C957T polymorphism (rs6277), which alters mRNA stability and dopamine-induced upregulation of DRD2 expression in cell cultures and DRD2 mRNA translation in vitro, was tested for an association with the disease. Frequency of the C allele, corresponding to a normal wild-type level of expression, was higher in patients compared to controls, and that of the T allele was lower. To replicate and extend previous findings, we conducted an association study of the C957T polymorphism and two additional SNPs (C939T and TaqIA) in 311 patients with a DSM-IV diagnosis of schizophrenia and 364 mentally healthy people from the Russian population as controls. The results of our study confirmed the association between the C957T polymorphism and schizophrenia. Consistent with previous findings, frequency of the C allele and the CC genotype were higher in patients compared to the control group (p=0.002). Meta-analysis of total 5 samples also suggests significant allelic association. The distribution of C939T genotypes in the case sample was significantly different from that of the controls: in the case sample, the TT genotype frequency was higher compared to the combined frequency of CT and CC genotypes (p=0.002). Though no association was found between the TaqIA polymorphism and schizophrenia, a haplotype-wise analysis revealed a lower frequency of the T-C (C957T-TaqIA) haplotype in patients (p=0.02). In conclusion, our findings provide additional evidence for an association between the C957T polymorphism and schizophrenia.