The disability is an information indicator of population health. Therefore, prevention and disability decreasing are included in the priorities of public social policy. The issue of disability is actual in Orenburg oblast. The sociological survey on physicians of primary medical social care was organized to reveal the reserves to be applied to decrease population disability in oblast. The research revealed the need for additional training of physicians in the area of social expertise implementation. The physicians of primary health care indicated that among possible means to decrease the population disability is the further implementation of activities in the dispanserization area as it is postulated in the framework of project "Health" and the enhancement of material and technical resources of curative preventive institutions.