Anxiety and depression has been found in atrial fibrillation (AF) patients referred to secondary care. Little is known about the level of such distress in AF patients from the general population.
Permanent AF patients from the general population might have more anxiety, depression, and sleep impairment than subjects in sinus rhythm.
Patients with permanent AF and controls in sinus rhythm were recruited from a 75-year-old cohort from 2 Norwegian municipalities. The main outcome variables were anxiety and depression, measured by the Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale (HADS) and sleep quality measured by Pittsburgh Sleep Quality Index (PSQI) score. Short Form 36 (SF-36) was also completed.
Twenty-seven patients with permanent AF and 71 subjects in sinus rhythm participated. No significant score differences were found between AF patients and controls for HADS anxiety (median, inter quartile range, 3 [1, 5] vs 4 [1, 6]; HADS depression, 3 [1,6] vs 2 [1,4]; and PSQI 6 [3, 11] vs 5 [4, 8]). AF patients had significantly poorer scores for SF-36 physical functioning, physical role, general health, vitality, and social functioning compared to subjects in sinus rhythm.