This study sought to examine the changes in ventricular function of hypoplastic left heart syndrome (HLHS) between the first 2 stages of surgical palliation.
The mortality risk between first and second stages of surgical palliation in HLHS remains high. Right ventricular (RV) dysfunction predicts mortality. Postulated mechanisms include a maladaptive contraction pattern, myocardial ischemia, or contraction asynchrony. Speckle tracking imaging allows accurate measurement of myocardial deformation without geometric assumptions.
Prospective echocardiography pre-Norwood and pre-bidirectional cavopulmonary anastomosis (BCPA) examinations were performed in 20 HLHS patients, with comparisons made between stages. Measurements of ventricular function included: longitudinal/circumferential strain ratio, reflecting changes in contraction pattern; post-systolic strain index, a potential marker of myocardial ischemia; and mechanical dyssynchrony index. Relationships between echocardiographic variables and magnetic resonance imaging RV parameters before BCPA were examined.
Before BCPA, myocardial contractility estimated by isovolumic acceleration and strain rate was reduced, paralleled by an increased in post-systolic strain index (p