Treatment and diagnostic measures, including anesthesia during catastrophes and natural disasters are a world known problem. The paper presents the experience of anesthetic care provision during specialized surgical care to the victim children of the earthquake in Haiti. The materials of analysis were 529 anesthesias conducted to 72 children, who were in the treatment for crush syndrome, skeletal and concomitant injury. The peculiarities of anesthesia during the treatment of wound process depending on the stage of surgery are brought into view. During the preparatory phase the optimal type of anesthesia is inhalation and intravenous anesthesia, whereas for the defect closure (main stage) all types of anesthesia, including balanced endotracheal and combined anesthesia were used.