The metabolic syndrome is a frequent phenomenon in people with Type 1 diabetes and is associated with diabetic nephropathy. The aim of this study was to investigate if the INPPL1 (inositol polyphosphate phosphatase-like 1) gene encoding lipid phosphatase SHIP2 is associated with the metabolic syndrome and diabetic nephropathy in Finnish people with Type 1 diabetes.
Participants were selected from the FinnDiane study for this cross-sectional study. The individuals were divided into controls without the metabolic syndrome (n = 1074) and cases with the metabolic syndrome (n = 1328), or into groups based upon their albumin excretion rate. Nine single-nucleotide polymorphisms covering the INPPL1 gene +/- 20 kb were genotyped. The associations between the single-nucleotide polymorphisms and outcome variables were analysed with the ?(2) test and logistic regression.
Two INPPL1 single-nucleotide polymorphisms, rs2276048 (silent mutation) and rs2276047 (intronic), were associated with the metabolic syndrome in men with odds ratios of 0.23 (95% CI 0.11-0.45, P = 2.1 × 10(-5) ), and 0.37 (0.21-0.65, P = 0.001), adjusted for age, duration of diabetes and history of smoking. When both sexes were included, these associations were less significant. No association between the genotyped single-nucleotide polymorphisms and diabetic nephropathy was observed.
INPPL1 gene variants may contribute to susceptibility to the metabolic syndrome in men with Type 1 diabetes, but not to diabetic nephropathy.