This study aimed to examine how leadership positions in the Public Dental Service (PDS) were distributed between women and men and how the female and male lead dentists perceived themselves as managers or leaders and whether their superiors, the leading doctors and municipal decision makers or their subordinates, the public dentists, found differences between female and male lead dentists as leaders.
Gender aspects on the leadership qualities of the lead dentists in the Public Dental Service were evaluated by four professional groups using a questionnaire. The groups surveyed were: lead dentists (in charge of the municipal PDS clinics), leading doctors (lead dentists'line managers), the directors of municipal health boards, and the PDS dentists (subordinates to the lead dentists). Factor analysis, chi-square and non-parametric tests were used to analyse the data gathered.
Women made up 50% (96/192) of the lead dentists, 80% (211/263) of the public dentists, 31% (47/152) of the leading doctors, and 27% (33/124) of directors of the municipal health boards (P