Recanalization may not result in better clinical outcomes after ischemic stroke. We determined the incidence and significant predictors of CMR, defined as CT angiographic recanalization and a good clinical outcome, after IV-rtPA in acute ischemic stroke. A CMR score was devised and tested.
One hundred twenty-six consecutive patients with anterior circulation ischemic stroke receiving IV-rtPA were retrospectively reviewed. Imaging included a baseline NCCT and CTA. Recanalization was assessed on a 24-hour CTA. Clinical outcome was determined by the 90-day mRS. CMR was defined as CTA recanalization and a good clinical outcome (mRS =2). Logistic regression analysis determined predictors of CMR. The predictive ability of a CMR score was tested with AIC.
CMR occurred in 29% (36/126). Patients with CMR had fewer neurologic deficits (P = .001) and higher ASPECTS (P = .041) at baseline than those without CMR. Baseline NIHSS score did not predict proximal occlusion (OR 0.959; 95% CI [0.907-1.014]; P = .141). Multivariate analysis showed admission NIHSS score (P = .001) and the site of vessel occlusion (P = .022) to be significant CMR predictors. CMR was significantly less likely in patients with proximal occlusions (ICA, P = .005; proximal M1, P = .021). A CMR score better predicted CMR than either NIHSS or vessel occlusion site alone (P