Experimental evidence suggests a role for the ß(2) -adrenergic receptor pathway in prostate cancer (PCa). We have investigated the association of ß-blocker use with PCa incidence and survival in a Norwegian cohort.
Data from the Oslo II study in 2000 (n?=?6515) were linked with information from the Cancer Registry of Norway and Statistics Norway. PCa risk and overall- and PCa-specific mortality were analyzed using uni- and multi-variable Cox- and competing risk regression models.
At baseline, 776 men (11.9%) reported using a ß-blocker. 212 men (3.3%) were diagnosed with PCa before the survey, leaving 6,303 eligible for incidence analysis. During a median follow-up of 122 months, 448 (7.1%) men were diagnosed with PCa. ß-blocker use was not associated with PCa risk [hazard ratio (HR): 1.05, 95% CI: 0.79-1.40]. For all patients (n?=?655; including med diagnosed before the survey), ß-blocker use was not associated with PCa-specific mortality (HR: 0.55, 95% CI 0.24-1.26, P?=?0.16). However, in the subgroup of men planned to receive androgen deprivation therapy (ADT), as reported to the Cancer Registry (n?=?263), ß-blocker use was associated with reduced PCa-specific mortality (HR: 0.14, 95% CI 0.02-0.85, P?=?0.032). No effect on overall mortality was seen (HR, all patients: 0.88, 95% CI 0.56-1.38, P?=?0.57). ß-blocker use did not appear to affect PSA level, Gleason score, or T-stage at diagnosis; however, these variables were missing for many cases.
Our findings demonstrate a possible benefit of ß-blocker use for men treated with ADT, suggesting the need for investigation in larger cohorts.