The ophthalmologic investigation of workers of the two metallurgical enterprises has shown that 1045 persons (55%) from 1911 observed workers suffer chronic diseases of a forward piece of eyes. Chronic inflammatory diseases (blepharitis, conjunctivitis and blepharoconjunctivitis) are found at 28,9% of them, and dystrophic diseases (pinguecula/pterygium)--at 25,8%. Among metallurgists (1801 persons) ophthalmopathy was found in 2, 2 times more often than at persons in control group (110 observed engineers and managers). Two polymorphisms of cytochrome P450 1A1 (CYP1A1) and P-450 2E1 (CYP2E1) genes were defined in 91 workers, by the method of allele-specific polymerase chain reaction. It is revealed that CYP1A1 Ile462Val polymorphism associates with pinguecula/pterygium, raising risk of their development almost in 3 times, unlike CYP 2E1 -1293G/C polymorphism. Development of chronic inflammatory diseases is not connected with tested polymorphisms.