Clozapine remains the drug of choice for treatment-resistant schizophrenia but the evidence for its use in severe bipolar disorder (BD) remains sparse.
A pharmaco-epidemiologic database study was carried out in Denmark, investigating the effectiveness of clozapine in BD patients (without a schizophrenia-spectrum disorder), between 1996 and 2007, using a two-year mirror-image design.
A total of 21473 patients with a lifetime diagnosis of International Classification of Diseases-10 (ICD-10) BD were identified, of which only 326 (1.5%) were treated with clozapine and were included in the mirror-image analysis. The mean follow-up time was 544 ± 280 days, the mean clozapine dose was 307.4 mg [95% confidence interval (CI): 287.9-328.2], and 39.3% were male. During clozapine treatment, the mean number of bed-days decreased from 177.8 (95% CI: 149.4-211.6) to 34.6 (95% CI: 24.8-48.2) (p