Criminal and alcohol problems among Swedish drunk drivers--predictors of DUI relapse.

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature91329
Source
Int J Law Psychiatry. 2008 Dec;31(6):471-8
Publication Type
Article
Date
Dec-2008
Author
Hubicka Beata
Laurell Hans
Bergman Hans
Author Affiliation
Department of Clinical Neuroscience, Clinical Alcohol and Drug Addiction Research Section, Magnus Huss Clinic, Karolinska Hospital, Karolinska Institutet, Stockholm, Sweden. beata.hubicka@ki.se
Source
Int J Law Psychiatry. 2008 Dec;31(6):471-8
Date
Dec-2008
Language
English
Publication Type
Article
Keywords
Adult
Alcohol drinking - epidemiology
Automobile Driving - legislation & jurisprudence - statistics & numerical data
Crime - legislation & jurisprudence - statistics & numerical data
Female
Humans
Male
Middle Aged
Prevalence
Prospective Studies
Questionnaires
Recurrence
Sweden - epidemiology
Abstract
The prevalence and types of crime offences, as well as predictors of relapse, among drivers suspected of driving under influence (DUI) were investigated. A total of 1830 Swedish DUI drivers responded to the Alcohol Use Disorders Identification Test--AUDIT. Information about previous DUI offences, other traffic offences along with other types of criminal offences was taken from a crime register. A total criminality (including all traffic offences) of 64% in the period of five years before investigation was analyzed. 40% of the sample had other criminality besides traffic violations during that period. 14.3% of the drivers relapsed to DUI in the two-year period after the investigation. In terms of DUI relapse, the following factors were the main predictors: previous traffic violations, previous DUI offences, previous other criminality (frauds or other acts of dishonesty) and detection hours between 12.00 and 19.00. Detection in general traffic controls and high BAC (blood alcohol concentration) when detected were the strongest factors with negative correlation to DUI re-offence.
PubMed ID
18992942 View in PubMed
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