Gaining access to a research site and participants in medical and nursing research: a synthesis of accounts.

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature265768
Source
Med Educ. 2015 Feb;49(2):224-32
Publication Type
Article
Date
Feb-2015
Author
Sindre Høyland
Jan G Hollund
Odd E Olsen
Source
Med Educ. 2015 Feb;49(2):224-32
Date
Feb-2015
Language
English
Publication Type
Article
Keywords
Biomedical Research - organization & administration
Hospital Administrators - organization & administration
Hospitals, University
Humans
Norway
Nursing Research - organization & administration
Orthopedic Procedures
Qualitative Research
Research Personnel - psychology
Abstract
The literature contains few accounts of how access to a research site and participants in medical and nursing research is gained, and few efforts to synthesise the existing accounts. Therefore, this article has two main goals: (i) to synthesise our own account of access with others in the medical and nursing literature, and (ii) to derive from this synthesis considerations of access and implications for health professions education.
Based on field notes from a study conducted in an orthopaedic surgical section of a Norwegian university hospital, we provide an account of how access to the operating theatre (research site) and surgical teams (participants) was achieved. We synthesise the findings by comparing our account with existing accounts on access.
Our synthesis translates into a number of considerations related to the gaining of access to a research site and participants in medical and nursing research. These include conducting continuous negotiations to ensure the agreement and consent of participants and gatekeepers, and demonstrating transparency regarding the researcher's identity and the nature of the particular project and findings. These considerations can raise awareness and preparedness for the process of gaining access, which will benefit health professions education researchers planning or undertaking studies in educational or clinical settings. Health professions educators can also include the considerations in structured educational programmes, specifically methods courses, to instil similar awareness and preparedness in students.
We suggest that future medical and nursing research should emphasise a detailed, unvarnished documentation of the access process that incorporates existing accounts of the process.
Notes
Comment In: Med Educ. 2015 Feb;49(2):145-625626744
PubMed ID
25626753 View in PubMed
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