Cross-cultural validity of the demand-control questionnaire: Swedish and Brazilian workers.

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature264059
Source
Rev Saude Publica. 2014 Jun;48(3):486-96
Publication Type
Article
Date
Jun-2014
Author
Yara Hahr Marques Hökerberg
Michael Eduardo Reichenheim
Eduardo Faerstein
Sonia Regina Lambert Passos
Johan Fritzell
Susanna Toivanen
Hugo Westerlund
Source
Rev Saude Publica. 2014 Jun;48(3):486-96
Date
Jun-2014
Language
English
Publication Type
Article
Keywords
Adult
Brazil
Cross-Cultural Comparison
Cultural Characteristics
Female
Health Personnel - psychology - statistics & numerical data
Humans
Job Satisfaction
Middle Aged
Psychometrics
Questionnaires
Social Support
Stress, Psychological - etiology
Sweden
Translations
Workload - psychology - statistics & numerical data
Workplace - psychology - statistics & numerical data
Abstract
OBJECTIVE To evaluate the cross-cultural validity of the Demand-Control Questionnaire, comparing the original Swedish questionnaire with the Brazilian version. METHODS We compared data from 362 Swedish and 399 Brazilian health workers. Confirmatory and exploratory factor analyses were performed to test structural validity, using the robust weighted least squares mean and variance-adjusted (WLSMV) estimator. Construct validity, using hypotheses testing, was evaluated through the inspection of the mean score distribution of the scale dimensions according to sociodemographic and social support at work variables. RESULTS The confirmatory and exploratory factor analyses supported the instrument in three dimensions (for Swedish and Brazilians): psychological demands, skill discretion and decision authority. The best-fit model was achieved by including an error correlation between work fast and work intensely (psychological demands) and removing the item repetitive work (skill discretion). Hypotheses testing showed that workers with university degree had higher scores on skill discretion and decision authority and those with high levels of Social Support at Work had lower scores on psychological demands and higher scores on decision authority. CONCLUSIONS The results supported the equivalent dimensional structures across the two culturally different work contexts. Skill discretion and decision authority formed two distinct dimensions and the item repetitive work should be removed.
Notes
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PubMed ID
25119944 View in PubMed
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