The associations between objectively-determined and self-reported urban form characteristics and neighborhood-based walking in adults.

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature256739
Source
Int J Behav Nutr Phys Act. 2014;11:71
Publication Type
Article
Date
2014
Author
Elizabeth Jack
Gavin R McCormack
Author Affiliation
Department of Community Health Sciences, Faculty of Medicine, University of Calgary, 3280 Hospital Drive, N,W, Calgary, Alberta T2N 4Z6, Canada. gmccorma@ucalgary.ca.
Source
Int J Behav Nutr Phys Act. 2014;11:71
Date
2014
Language
English
Publication Type
Article
Keywords
Adolescent
Adult
Canada
Cities
Environment Design
Female
Humans
Logistic Models
Male
Middle Aged
Recreation
Residence Characteristics
Self Report
Socioeconomic Factors
Transportation
Walking
Young Adult
Abstract
Self-reported and objectively-determined neighborhood built characteristics are associated with physical activity, yet little is known about their combined influence on walking. This study: 1) compared self-reported measures of the neighborhood built environment between objectively-determined low, medium, and high walkable neighborhoods; 2) estimated the relative associations between self-reported and objectively-determined neighborhood characteristics and walking and; 3) examined the extent to which the objectively-determined built environment moderates the association between self-reported measures of the neighborhood built environment and walking.
A random cross-section of 1875 Canadian adults completed a telephone-interview and postal questionnaire capturing neighborhood walkability, neighborhood-based walking, socio-demographic characteristics, walking attitudes, and residential self-selection. Walkability of each respondent's neighborhood was objectively-determined (low [LW], medium [MW], and high walkable [HW]). Covariate-adjusted regression models estimated the associations between weekly participation and duration in transportation and recreational walking and self-reported and objectively-determined walkability.
Compared with objectively-determined LW neighborhoods, respondents in HW neighborhoods positively perceived access to services, street connectivity, pedestrian infrastructure, and utilitarian and recreation destination mix, but negatively perceived motor vehicle traffic and crime related safety. Compared with residents of objectively-determined LW neighborhoods, residents of HW neighborhoods were more likely (p
Notes
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PubMed ID
24893719 View in PubMed
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