The TURVA project: retirement and adaptation in old age.

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature221153
Source
Z Gerontol. 1993 May-Jun;26(3):170-5
Publication Type
Article
Author
M. Joukamaa
S. Saarijärvi
R K Salokangas
Author Affiliation
Department of Psychiatry, University of Turku, Finland.
Source
Z Gerontol. 1993 May-Jun;26(3):170-5
Language
English
Publication Type
Article
Keywords
Adaptation, Psychological
Aged
Aging - psychology
Cross-Cultural Comparison
Female
Finland
Follow-Up Studies
Geriatric Assessment
Health Status Indicators
Humans
Life Change Events
Longevity
Longitudinal Studies
Male
Middle Aged
Prospective Studies
Retirement
Rural Population
Urban Population
Abstract
The TURVA project is a longitudinal, prospective follow-up study dealing with psychosocial adaptation to retirement and, subsequently, to old age. The initial sample consisted of 389 62-year-old individuals drawn from urban and rural areas in 1982. The subjects were examined thoroughly and have been followed-up at 4 and 8 years so far. A developmental approach to the individual's adaptation to new life situations was adopted as the theoretical framework for the study. The first results of the project support the developmental theory when explaining the subject's adaptation in the early years of old age: Psychosocial adjustment can be understood on the basis of the subject's previous life. Preceding somatic and mental health were associated with the individual's actual psychosocial situation before official retirement age. Retirement from work seems not to be a stressful event; on the contrary, it was most often experienced as a positive change. Later adaptation was not so clearly associated with the initial health status.
PubMed ID
8337911 View in PubMed
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