Intraoperative bacterial contamination of the aqueous humor.

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature220987
Source
Ophthalmic Surg. 1993 Jun;24(6):367-73; discussion 373-4
Publication Type
Article
Date
Jun-1993
Author
R G Ariyasu
T. Nakamura
M D Trousdale
R E Smith
Author Affiliation
Doheny Eye Institute, Department of Ophthalmology, University of Southern California School of Medicine, Los Angeles 90033.
Source
Ophthalmic Surg. 1993 Jun;24(6):367-73; discussion 373-4
Date
Jun-1993
Language
English
Publication Type
Article
Keywords
Anterior Eye Segment - surgery
Aqueous Humor - drug effects - microbiology
Conjunctiva - microbiology
Eye Diseases - surgery
Eyelids - microbiology
Gram-Positive Bacteria - isolation & purification
Humans
Intraoperative Period
Microbial Sensitivity Tests
Abstract
Indigenous ocular flora has been presumed to be a source of infectious organisms in postoperative bacterial endophthalmitis. While bacteria have been recovered from the anterior chamber at the time of cataract wound closure in a significant percentage of cases, and bacteria from the vitreous of endophthalmitis cases have appeared genetically to be very similar to bacteria recovered from the adnexa and/or nares at the time of vitrectomy for endophthalmitis, no study has examined the relationship between organisms isolated from the eyelid and conjunctiva, and organisms recovered from the aqueous humor at the time of wound closure. This study examined 59 eyes undergoing cataract and other intraocular surgeries. Cultures of the eyelids and conjunctiva were taken before and after routine preparation with povidone-iodine solution. Cultures also were taken of the aqueous humor at the time of incision into the anterior chamber and at the time of wound closure. No organisms grew from aqueous humor samples taken at the time of incision. However, 13 eyes (22%) grew gram-positive organisms from samples taken at the time of wound closure. Eight of the 13 eyes (62%) had organisms with identical typing and antibiotic sensitivities to organisms isolated from the eyelids and conjunctiva before or after disinfection. This study suggests that a significant number of cases had inoperative bacterial contamination of the aqueous humor by the time of wound closure and that organisms from the eyelids and conjunctiva are an important source of contamination in these cases.
PubMed ID
8336886 View in PubMed
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