Anger expression and incident hypertension.

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature203695
Source
Psychosom Med. 1998 Nov-Dec;60(6):730-5
Publication Type
Article
Author
S A Everson
D E Goldberg
G A Kaplan
J. Julkunen
J T Salonen
Author Affiliation
Department of Epidemiology, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, USA. severson@umich.edu
Source
Psychosom Med. 1998 Nov-Dec;60(6):730-5
Language
English
Publication Type
Article
Keywords
Adult
Anger
Coronary Disease - psychology
Finland
Follow-Up Studies
Humans
Hypertension - psychology
Male
Middle Aged
Personality Inventory
Prospective Studies
Risk factors
Abstract
It has long been thought that anger is important in the development of essential hypertension. However, tests of this hypothesis have yielded conflicting findings. This study prospectively examined the relationship between anger expression style and incident hypertension in a population sample of middle-aged men.
Participants were 537 initially normotensive men from eastern Finland, who completed a medical examination and series of psychological questionnaires at baseline and at 4-year follow-up. Anger expression was assessed by Spielberger's Anger-out and Anger-in scales.
At follow-up, 104 men (19.4%) were hypertensive (blood pressure > or = 165 mm Hg systolic and/or 95 mm Hg diastolic). Age-adjusted logistic regression analyses revealed that each 1-point increase in Anger-out was associated with a 12% increase in risk of hypertension after 4 years of follow-up (p
PubMed ID
9847033 View in PubMed
Less detail