Hearing loss among classical-orchestra musicians.

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature138474
Source
Noise Health. 2011 Jan-Feb;13(50):45-50
Publication Type
Article
Author
Esko Toppila
Heli Koskinen
Ilmari Pyykkö
Author Affiliation
Finnish Institute of Occupational Health, Finland. esko.toppila@ttl.fi
Source
Noise Health. 2011 Jan-Feb;13(50):45-50
Language
English
Publication Type
Article
Keywords
Adult
Audiometry
Female
Finland - epidemiology
Hearing Loss, Noise-Induced - diagnosis - epidemiology - etiology
Humans
Hyperacusis - epidemiology - etiology
Male
Music
Noise, Occupational - adverse effects - statistics & numerical data
Occupational Diseases - diagnosis - epidemiology - etiology
Occupational Exposure - adverse effects
Risk assessment
Tinnitus - epidemiology - etiology
Abstract
This study intended to evaluate classical musicians' risk of hearing loss. We studied 63 musicians from four Helsinki classical orchestras. We measured their hearing loss with an audiometer, found their prior amount of exposure to sound and some individual susceptibility factors with a questionnaire, measured their present sound exposure with dosimeters, and tested their blood pressure and cholesterol levels, then compared their hearing loss to ISO 1999-1990's predictions. The musicians' hearing loss distribution corresponded to that of the general population, but highly exposed musicians had greater hearing loss at frequencies over 3 kHz than less-exposed ones. Their individual susceptibility factors were low. Music deteriorates hearing, but by less than what ISO 1999-1990 predicted. The low number of individual susceptibility factors explained the difference, but only reduced hearing loss and not the prevalence of tinnitus.
PubMed ID
21173486 View in PubMed
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