Current parental depression and offspring perceived self-competence: a quasi-experimental examination.
Behav Genet. 2012 Sep;42(5):787-97
Publication Type
Quetzal A Class
Brian M D'Onofrio
Amber L Singh
Jody M Ganiban
E L Spotts
Paul Lichtenstein
David Reiss
Jenae M Neiderhiser
Author Affiliation
Department of Psychology and Brain Sciences, Indiana University, 1101 E. 10th Street, Bloomington, IN 47405, USA.
Behav Genet. 2012 Sep;42(5):787-97
Publication Type
Depression - epidemiology - psychology
Intergenerational Relations
Middle Aged
Neuropsychological Tests
Parents - psychology
Self Concept
Sweden - epidemiology
Twins, Dizygotic
Twins, Monozygotic
Young Adult
A genetically-informed, quasi-experimental design was used to examine the genetic and environmental processes underlying associations between current parental depressive symptoms and offspring perceived self-competence. Participants, drawn from a population-based Swedish sample, were 852 twin pairs and their male (52 %) and female offspring aged 15.7 ± 2.4 years. Parental depressive symptoms were measured using the Center for Epidemiological Studies Depression scale. Offspring perceived self-competence was measured using a modified Harter Perceived Competence Scale. Cousin comparisons and Children of Twins designs suggested that associations between maternal depressive symptoms and offspring perceived self-competence were due to shared genetic/environmental liability. The mechanism responsible for father-offspring associations, however, was independent of genetic factors and of extended family environmental factors, supporting a causal inference. Thus, mothers and fathers may impact offspring perceived self-competence via different mechanisms and unmeasured genetic and environmental selection factors must be considered when studying the intergenerational transmission of cognitive vulnerabilities for depression.
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PubMed ID
22692226 View in PubMed
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