The study of sensitivity of luminous bacteria isolated from the Black and Azov seas to surfactants from various classes was carried out. It was shown that cationic surfactants had a strong inhibition effect on bacterial luminescence in contrast to anionic and in particular nonionic surfactants. To increase the luminous bacteria sensitivity to the action of OP-10 (nonionic surfactant) and ABS (anionic surfactant), which are widely used in industry, several approaches have been developed. They include modulation of bacterial sensitivity by the additives of cationic substances, use of luminous bacteria at a logarithmic stage of growth, realization of biotesting at low pH = 5.5. The use of these approaches allows to lower effective concentrations of OP-10 and ABS, which caused a decrease of bioluminescence by 50%, 3-200 times and opens perspectives for the use of the bioluminescent method to study these surfactants toxicity on the principle of biosensorics.