Atmospheric chemistry of 2-ethoxy-3,3,4,4,5-pentafluorotetrahydro-2,5-bis[1,2,2,2-tetrafluoro-1-(trifluoromethyl)ethyl]-furan: kinetics, mechanisms, and products of Cl atom and OH radical initiated oxidation.
Smog chamber/FTIR techniques were used to study the atmospheric chemistry of the title compound which we refer to as RfOC2H5. Rate constants of k(Cl + RfOC2H5) = (2.70 +/- 0.36) x 10(-12), k(OH + RfOC2H5) = (5.93 +/- 0.85) x 10(-14), and k(Cl + RfOCHO) = (1.34 +/- 0.20) x 10(-14) cm3 molecule(-1') s(-1) were measured in 700 Torr of N2, or air, diluent at 294 +/- 1 K. From the value of k(OH + RfOC2H5) the atmospheric lifetime of RfOC2H5 was estimated to be 1 year. Two competing loss mechanisms for RfOCH(O*)CH3 radicals were identified in 700 Torr of N2/O2 diluent at 294 +/- 1 K; decomposition via C-C bond scission giving a formate (RfOCHO), or reaction with 02 giving an acetate (RfOC(O)CH3). In 700 Torr of N2/O2 diluent at 294 +/- 1 K the rate constant ratio k(O2)/k(diss) = (1.26 +/- 0.74) x 10(-19) cm3 molecule(-1). The OH radical initiated atmospheric oxidation of RfOC2H5 gives Rf0CHO and RfOC(O)CH3 as major products. RfOC2H5 has a global warming potential of approximately 55 for a 100 year horizon. The results are discussed with respect to the atmospheric chemistry and environmental impact of RfOC2H5.