OBJECTIVE: The risk of adverse foetal outcomes was investigated in offspring to men with coeliac disease (CD) diagnosed prior to infant birth and in offspring to men who did not receive a diagnosis of CD until after the delivery. MATERIAL AND METHODS: A cohort study was based on national registry data restricted to women aged 15-44 years with singleton live-born infants, with linkage between the Swedish national birth registry (1973-2001) and the national inpatient registry (1964-2001). A total of 1059 offspring to men who had received a diagnosis of CD were included: 554 offspring to men diagnosed prior to birth and 505 offspring to men diagnosed after infant birth. RESULTS: Undiagnosed CD in the father was associated with an increased risk of caesarean section (adjusted odds ratio (AOR)=1.83; 95% confidence interval (CI) for AOR=1.13-2.95; p=0.014) but was otherwise not linked to adverse pregnancy outcome: (intrauterine growth retardation (OR=1.37; 95% CI=0.91-2.07), low birth-weight (OR=1.41; 95% CI=0.93-2.12), very low birth-weight (OR=1.21; 95% CI=0.39-3.77), preterm birth (OR=1.10; 95% CI=0.74-1.62), and very preterm (OR=0.62; 95% CI=0.09-4.40)). A paternal diagnosis of CD made before infant birth was not associated with adverse foetal outcome. CONCLUSIONS: CD in the father is not a risk factor for unfavourable foetal outcome. The increased risk for caesarean section in offspring to men with undiagnosed CD in this study may be due to multiple comparisons.