We investigated the use of videoconferencing in the examination of orthopaedic outpatients. A consecutive sample of orthopaedic outpatients was randomized to examination either via videoconferencing (n = 76) while attending a primary-care unit or at a conventional hospital outpatient clinic 160 km away (n = 69). Videoconferencing was found to be feasible and the equipment functioned well technically. There were somewhat more problems in examining the telemedicine patients than the clinic patients. The two patient groups were equally satisfied with the specialist service. The telemedicine patients were more willing to have their next visit by videoconferencing than the conventional patients. Videoconferencing between primary and secondary care can be used in the examination of orthopaedic patients whenever no demanding imaging technology is needed.