A material of 292 normal pregnant women was subdivided at random for delivery either in the traditional delivery room or a newly established environmental room. The alterations in the physical environment of delivery did not result in more numerous spontaneous deliveries. A high frequency of episiotomies, stimulation of contractions and artificial deliveries in primiparae occurred particularly when it is considered that two thoroughly investigated groups of low-risk pregnant women were concerned. However, qualitative differences in the experience of the course of delivery were found in favour of the environmental room. The quality of the experience of delivery did not depend so much on the physical environment but more on contact with the staff members responsible for conduct of the delivery.