OBJECTIVE: Serum S-100beta protein is suggested to be a neurobiochemical marker of brain injury after cardiac and aortic arch surgery. The aim of the present study was to investigate the predictive value of S-100beta protein with respect to histopathological analysis of the brain after a prolonged period of hypothermic circulatory arrest (HCA). METHODS: Eighteen pigs (21 to 31 kg) underwent a 75 min period of HCA at 20 degrees C. Serum concentrations of S-100beta were assayed in mixed venous blood before and 2, 4, 7 and 20 h after HCA. A semiquantitative post-mortem histopathological analysis scoring all main regions of the brain was carried out in every animal. RESULTS: All animals were stable during and after cardiopulmonary bypass (CPB) and survived at least to the first postoperative day. Ten of the 18 animals survived 7 days after surgery and were electively sacrificed. Animals with severe histopathological injury showed higher serum S-100beta protein levels at every time point after HCA. The strongest correlation between the total histopathologic score and serum S-100beta levels was found at 7 h after HCA (tau = 0.422 and p = 0.023). CONCLUSION: Serum S-100beta protein levels correlate with histopathological injury after a prolonged period of HCA in pigs. This finding supports the results of previous studies suggesting the potential accuracy of S-100beta in the prediction of brain injury after cardiac surgery.
Comment In: Scand Cardiovasc J. 2000 Dec;34(6):548-911214005