An expert meeting on the treatment of heart failure was organized by the Swedish Medical Products Agency in 1992. There were four participants from Norway. Two of these (AW, JK), in cooperation with a group of cardiologists with a special interest in heart failure, present in this article a modified Norwegian programme for treatment of chronic heart failure. When evaluating risk for patients with chronic heart failure, it is necessary to take into account both symptoms and left ventricular systolic function determined by ejection fraction. Specific recommendations are made for treatment of asymptomatic patients with left ventricular dysfunction and for symptomatic patients with mild, moderate and severe heart failure.