In the search for factors contributing to the regulation of the Lp(a) lipoprotein concentration, we have sequenced the kringle IV-type 2 encoding exons 1 and 2 together with the flanking intron sequences of the LPA gene in individuals with different serum concentrations of Lp(a) lipoprotein. The high degree of sequence identity between the kringle IV-type 2 repeats made it possible to analyse all the 3-42 kringles simultaneously by polymerase chain reaction and direct DNA sequencing. The strategy used allowed us to determine approximately 700 bp from each kringle IV-type 2 repeat, resulting in a rapid screen of on average 28,000 bp of the LPA gene from each individual. Comparing these bipartite kringle IV-type 2 repeat sequences from 12 individuals with high and 11 individuals with low Lp(a) lipoprotein level revealed that: 1. no sequence polymorphism could be detected in the exons examined; 2. no sequence polymorphism could be detected in the consensus GT/AG splicing signals of exon/intron junctions; and 3. the proximal intron sequences seemed almost completely conserved in the 76-135 bp analysed. Only one position in the intron sequences exhibited the pattern of a G/A polymorphism. We observed no differences between the group with high and the group with low Lp(a) lipoprotein level. The very high conservation of intron sequences could support the hypothesis that the LPA gene evolved relatively recently. The contradictory finding of a corresponding sequence conservation between the human LPA and the plasminogen gene suggests that an evolutionary pressure has preserved these intron sequences over the last 40-90 million years.