The incidence of male hermaphroditism in girls with inguinal hernias is estimated to be 1.4 per cent. From 1961 to 1972, 340 girls were admitted to the Department of Surgery at St. Josephs Hospital for hernial repair. One hundred and two patients had menstruated prior to the follow-up study. Buccal smears from the remaining patients were examined for Y chromatin-positive cells. We observed a zero per cent rate of male hermaphroditism, which is not significantly different from the aforementioned frequency, p greater than 0.05. Large scale prospective studies must be available before any conclusion can be drawn as to whether or not determination of the genetic gender prior to hernial repair in girls should be conducted as a routine procedure.