At the BMX Cycling European Championship in 1989 with 976 participants of both sexes, aged between six and 40 years, all injuries were registered. A total of 6.3% of the participants sustained injuries (1.6% per individual start), 52.5% required medical attendance and 3.3% necessitated hospital admission. Women were injured twice as frequently as men. Most injuries, 72.1%, were minor, 6.6% were fractures with 75% of the fractures affecting the upper limbs. BMX bicycle riding has the high injury risk of 1190 injuries per 1000 competition hours.