Over the years, at the level of constituent entities of the Russian Federation, various indicators and criteria for assessing the effectiveness of regional health care have been used. Providing well-grounded scientific and methodological recommendations on the use of instruments for measuring the ratio of indicators of general morbidity and total mortality at the federal level to health authorities helps in their motivation to achieve the target (expected) results expressed in terms of public health. An analysis of the correlation of indicators of general morbidity and mortality makes it possible to timely find resources in those areas that contribute to achieving the maximum efficiency of medical organizations. The article presents indicators of the general morbidity and general mortality of the population in the constituent entities of the Russian Federation, as well as the values ??of the ratios of these indicators for the period 2008-2017. Correlation and cartographic analyzes of indicators of general morbidity and general mortality were carried out.