Institute of Biological Problems of the North Far East Branch of the Russian Academy of Sciences, Portovaya St. 18, 685000 Magadan, Russia Perm State University, Bukireva St., 15 614990 Perm, Russia Association "Maritime Heritage: Explore Sustain", Icebreaker "Krassin", The Lieutenant Schmidt emb., 23 Line, 199106 Saint-Petersburg, Russia. email@example.com.
Chironomids of the Diamesinae subfamily from the Russian Arctic were studied using both morphological characters and molecular data. Adult males of Diamesa urvantsevi sp. nov., D. amplexivirilia Hansen, Arctodiamesa appendiculata (Lundström) from Severnaya Zemlya Archipelago and D. arctica (Boheman), Pseudokiefferiella sp. from Vaigach Island were described, redescribed, annotated and figured. A reference 658 bp barcode sequence from a fragment of the mitochondrial gene cytochrome oxidase I (COI) was used as a tool for species delimitation. For D. arctica (Boheman) and Pseudokiefferiella sp. close DNA barcodes from Norway were performed, which allowed to relate these specimens to the described species. Comparisons with corresponding regions of COI between each described species and close related congeneric species produced K2P genetic distances of 0.11-0.16, values well associated with interspecific variation. Phylogenetic relationships for genera Arctodiamesa Makarchenko and Pseudokiefferiella Zavrel were reconstructed for the first time.