The urgency of the problem under study is determined by the high prevalence of arterial hypertension among the indigenous minorities of the North in modern socio-economic conditions. The following article is aimed to evaluate the prevalence of behavioural arterial hypertension risk factors according to the results of single-step epidemiological research of Evenk people in the Republic of Sakha (Yakutia), Russian Federation. The leading approach to the study of this problem was the questioning of the population using the international questionnaire for behavioural risk factors (CYNDI). As a result of research, widespread smoking was found among native population (52.0% of men and 23.7% of women). The frequency of alcohol consumption among the male Evenki is comparable to that in the Yakut population, and among the female, the number is much lower. Evenks including young men belong to the physically inactive population. The frequency of arterial hypertension (AH) cases along with the factors listed above are significantly influenced by: marital status, employment, education, and housing conditions. Article materials may be useful for a differentiated approach in the development of prevention and rehabilitation programs for the indigenous peoples of the North.