The marine environment and resources have sustained Indigenous communities in the Arctic for millennia. The intimate association between Arctic peoples and their environment has allowed them to survive and has resulted in the accumulation of generations of knowledge about species, their movements, their behavior and ecology, as well as the structure and functioning of the marine environment. The knowledge of Indigenous Peoples of the Arctic is also an important source of information for others wishing to study and understand the Arctic marine system.
This report compiles readily available published information related to traditional knowledge of Arctic marine species and environments that may be of value for the CBD Arctic EBSA workshop. The authors hope that the information can, where relevant, be used to further enhance EBSA submissions. It should be noted that the information presented here is not a comprehensive account of traditional knowledge on Arctic marine species and habitats, given that most such information is not published, and the information that does exist is often fragmented and difficult to access.
The information is compiled in three tables: 1. Information related to marine species; 2. Information related to oceanography, marine habitats and climate change; and 3. Information related to human uses and culturally significant areas. There is also a more general bibliography at the end of this document, as well as a map of Arctic Indigenous Peoples.