The article considers dynamics of indices of suitability to military service of individuals drafted to military service in the Novosibirskaia oblast in 1997-2014. The level of suitability without limitations because of health conditions made up to in 37.7% in average. and with fluctuations according years - 31.6-43.6%. The negligible limitations of suitability included 23.4% of examined, restrictedly suitable - 33.9% and provisionally non-suitable - 1.6% of conscripts. The main classes and nosologic groups of diseases limiting suitability were determined. It is established that 86.3% of limitation of suitability resulted from morbidity of conscripts with diseases of musculoskeletal system and connective tissue, endocrine system, disorders of nutrition and metabolism, aftermaths of trauma of head and spinal cord with disorders of central nervous system, flat-footedness and foot deformation, disorders of refraction and accommodation of eyes, mental deficiency, ulcer diseases, diseases of skin, organic psychic disorders, asthma, pathology of liver and pancreas, hypertension disease, diseases of oral cavity and throat rheumatoid affections of heart. This situation predetermines implementation of corresponding curative health promoting measures with purpose of avoiding loss of servicemen during time military service and returning of this contingent because of diseases inconsistent with implementation of military duty.