A comparative analysis of melatonin circadian rhythms in Caucasian (incoming population) and Asian (indigenous population) menopausal women with/without sleep disorders depending on the genotype of Clock 3111T/C gene polymorphism was realized.The melatonin level in the saliva was determined four times a day (6:00-7:00, 12:00-13:00, 18:00-19:00, 23:00-00:00 h). The Caucasian women-carriers of the TT-genotype with insomnia as compared to control group-had a higher morning melatonin level and a lower night melatonin level. The Asian women with TT-genotype and insomnia had a lower levels of melatonin as compared to control at daytime, evening and night. A significantly higher melatonin level in the early morning hours was detected in the Caucasian women-carriers of the TT-genotype with insomnia as compared to group womencarriers of the minor 3111C-allele. There were no statistically significant differences in the circadian rhythms of melatonin in the Asian women depending on the genotype of the Clock 3111T/C polymorphism. An assumption with respect to the protective role of the minor allele 3111C in the development of insomnia associated with the displacement of melatonin circadian rhythms in the representatives of the incoming population was made.